May 20, 2023

A method in web development refers to a function or subroutine that is associated with an object or a class. In other words, a method is a block of code that performs a specific task when called upon by the application. Methods are an essential part of object-oriented programming, which is commonly used in web development to create complex applications.


Methods serve several purposes in web development, including:

  1. Modularity: Methods allow developers to break down complex tasks into smaller, more manageable pieces of code. By using methods to encapsulate specific functionality, developers can improve code readability and maintainability.

  2. Reusability: Because methods are independent blocks of code, they can be reused in multiple parts of an application. This reduces development time and can also improve the overall quality of the code.

  3. Abstraction: Methods can be used to hide the complexity of an application from the end-user. By providing a simple interface for interacting with an object or class, methods can make an application more intuitive and user-friendly.


Methods are used in a variety of contexts in web development, including:

Object-oriented programming

In object-oriented programming, methods are used to define the behavior of an object. An object is an instance of a class, and methods are defined within the class definition. When an object is created, it has access to all of the methods defined within its class.

For example, consider a Person class that has a method called sayHello(). When an instance of the Person class is created, it can call the sayHello() method to greet another person.

class Person {
  sayHello() {

const person = new Person();
person.sayHello(); // Output: "Hello!"

API development

Methods are also commonly used in API development to define the available actions that can be performed on a resource. For example, an API for a blog application might have methods for creating, reading, updating, and deleting blog posts.

// Define a method for creating a new blog post'/api/posts', function(req, res) {
  // Code to create a new blog post

// Define a method for retrieving a specific blog post
app.get('/api/posts/:id', function(req, res) {
  // Code to retrieve a specific blog post

// Define a method for updating an existing blog post
app.put('/api/posts/:id', function(req, res) {
  // Code to update an existing blog post

// Define a method for deleting a blog post
app.delete('/api/posts/:id', function(req, res) {
  // Code to delete a blog post

Event handling

Methods can also be used to handle events in web development. Events are actions that occur in an application, such as a user clicking a button or a page finishing loading. By defining methods to handle these events, developers can create interactive and responsive web applications.

// Define a method to handle a button click event
function handleClick() {
  console.log("Button clicked!");

// Attach the handleClick method to a button element
const button = document.querySelector('button');
button.addEventListener('click', handleClick);