chpasswd command is used to change passwords for user accounts in batch mode. It reads a list of username/password pairs from standard input and uses that information to update the password for each specified user account.
chpasswd command is typically used in scripts or other automated processes where you need to change the passwords for multiple user accounts at once. It reads a list of username/password pairs from standard input and uses that information to update the password for each specified user account.
The syntax for the
chpasswd command is as follows:
When you run the
chpasswd command, you will be prompted to enter the new password for each specified user account. You can also specify the passwords on the command line using the
Here is an example of how to use the
chpasswd command to change the passwords for multiple user accounts:
echo "user1:newpassword1" | chpasswd echo "user2:newpassword2" | chpasswd
This will change the passwords for the
user2 accounts to
chpasswd command supports the following options:
|-c, –crypt-method||Specifies the encryption method to use for the new password.|
|-e, –encrypted||Indicates that the passwords are already encrypted.|
|-h, –help||Displays help information for the command.|
|-m, –md5||Specifies that the new password should be encrypted using MD5.|
|-r, –root||Changes the password for the root account.|
|-s, –sha256||Specifies that the new password should be encrypted using SHA-256.|
|-S, –sha512||Specifies that the new password should be encrypted using SHA-512.|
|-u, –update||Updates the password for the specified user account.|
- If you are having trouble changing the password for a user account, make sure that you have the correct permissions to do so. You may need to run the
chpasswdcommand as root or using the
- If you are specifying the passwords on the command line using the
--encryptedoption, make sure that the passwords are correctly encrypted.
chpasswdcommand can be a powerful tool when used correctly, but it can also be dangerous if used improperly. Be sure to double-check your input before running the command to avoid accidentally changing the passwords for the wrong user accounts.
- In some cases, you may need to restart certain services or processes after changing a user’s password in order to ensure that the new password is being used correctly. Be sure to check any relevant documentation or support resources for the services or processes in question.