setfacl command is used to set Access Control Lists (ACLs) for files and directories in Linux. ACLs are used to provide more granular control over file and directory permissions beyond the traditional owner, group, and other permissions.
setfacl command allows you to set ACLs for files and directories. The syntax for the command is as follows:
setfacl [options] file/dir
file/dir specifies the file or directory for which you want to set the ACLs.
Setting default ACLs for a directory
setfacl -d -m u::rwx,g::r-x,o::r-x /path/to/dir
This command sets the default ACLs for the directory
-d option specifies that these are default ACLs, which will be applied to any new files or directories created within this directory. The
-m option specifies that we are modifying the ACLs, and the
u::rwx,g::r-x,o::r-x specifies the actual ACLs. Here,
u refers to the user owner,
g refers to the group owner, and
o refers to other users.
rwx specifies read, write, and execute permissions, while
r-x specifies read and execute permissions.
Setting ACLs for a file
setfacl -m u:john:rwx,g:admins:r-x,o::r-- /path/to/file
This command sets the ACLs for the file
/path/to/file. Here, we are granting the user
john read, write, and execute permissions, and the group
admins read and execute permissions. Other users are not granted any permissions.
The following table lists the available options for the
||Modify the ACLs for a file or directory|
||Remove the specified ACLs from a file or directory|
||Remove all ACLs from a file or directory|
||Remove default ACLs from a directory|
||Apply the command recursively to all files and directories in a directory|
||Set default ACLs for a directory|
- If you receive an error message stating that the
setfaclcommand is not found, you may need to install the
aclpackage on your system.
- If you are having trouble setting ACLs for a file or directory, make sure that the file system on which the file or directory resides supports ACLs. You can check this by running the
mountcommand and looking for the
acloption in the output.
- ACLs are only supported on certain file systems, such as ext3, ext4, and XFS.
- Be careful when setting ACLs, as they can be more complex than traditional file permissions and can potentially lead to security vulnerabilities if not set properly.