squid – The Squid Server Daemon

Squid is a popular open-source proxy server that is used to improve network performance by caching frequently accessed web pages. It is a daemon that runs in the background and listens on port 3128 by default. Squid supports HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, and other protocols.


Squid is commonly used in large organizations to reduce bandwidth usage, improve response times, and provide security by filtering unwanted content. Squid can also be used to provide anonymized access to the internet by hiding the IP address of the client.

To install Squid on a Linux system, use the following command:

sudo apt-get install squid

Once installed, Squid can be started with the following command:

sudo systemctl start squid

To check the status of the Squid service, use the following command:

sudo systemctl status squid

By default, Squid listens on port 3128. To change the default port, edit the Squid configuration file /etc/squid/squid.conf and modify the http_port directive.

Squid can be configured to cache web pages based on various criteria such as URL, domain, and content type. The Squid configuration file contains many options that can be used to customize the behavior of the server.


The following table lists some of the most commonly used options for the Squid command:

Option Description
-f Specify the path to the Squid configuration file
-k Control the Squid service (start, stop, reload, etc.)
-N Do not run Squid as a daemon
-z Create the Squid cache directory

Troubleshooting Tips

If Squid is not working as expected, check the Squid log files located in /var/log/squid/ for error messages. The most common issues with Squid include incorrect configuration options and permission issues with the Squid cache directory.

If Squid is unable to start, check that there are no other services running on the same port. You can use the netstat command to check which services are listening on which ports.


Squid is a powerful tool that can greatly improve network performance and security when configured correctly. However, it is important to understand the various configuration options and how they affect the behavior of the server. It is recommended to consult the Squid documentation for more information on how to configure and use Squid effectively.