traceroute command is a network diagnostic tool used to show the path a packet takes from the local machine to a remote host. It is used to identify network connectivity issues and to troubleshoot network problems.
The basic syntax of the
traceroute command is:
traceroute [options] [host]
host is the IP address or domain name of the remote host to which the packet is being sent.
traceroute sends a series of packets to the remote host, incrementally increasing the time-to-live (TTL) value of each packet. The TTL value determines the maximum number of hops (routers) a packet can pass through before being discarded. As each packet is sent,
traceroute records the IP address of each router that the packet passes through, and the time it takes for the packet to reach each router.
The output of
traceroute consists of a list of the routers that the packet passed through, along with the time it took for the packet to reach each router. The output also includes the round-trip time (RTT) for each router, which is the time it takes for a packet to travel from the local machine to the router and back.
traceroute, simply enter the command followed by the IP address or domain name of the remote host. For example:
This will send a series of packets to the Google website and display the path that each packet takes to reach the destination.
Specific Use Cases
- Troubleshooting network connectivity issues
- Identifying network latency or packet loss
- Analyzing network performance and routing problems
The following table lists the available options for the
||Use socket-level debugging.|
||Set the initial
||Use ICMP ECHO instead of UDP datagrams.|
||Set the network interface to use for outgoing packets.|
||Set the maximum
||Do not resolve IP addresses to hostnames.|
||Set the destination port number for outgoing packets.|
||Set the number of probes per hop.|
||Bypass the normal routing tables and send packets directly to a remote host.|
||Set the size of the outgoing packets.|
||Set the timeout value for each probe.|
||Set the delay between probes.|
tracerouteis not working, try using the
-Ioption to use ICMP ECHO instead of UDP datagrams.
tracerouteis not displaying any output, try increasing the maximum
TTLvalue using the
tracerouteis displaying inconsistent or incorrect output, try using the
-noption to disable hostname resolution.
traceroutemay not work correctly on networks with firewalls or other security measures in place.
tracerouteshould only be used for diagnostic purposes and should not be used to probe or attack remote hosts.