Copying files and folders is a common task for Linux users. It allows you to make backups, move files between directories, and share files with others. In this article, we will explore how to copy a folder in Linux using the command line.
Understanding the Copy Command
The command used to copy files and folders in Linux is
cp. It is a powerful tool that can be used to copy one or more files or directories from one location to another. The syntax for the
cp command is as follows:
cp [OPTION]... SOURCE DEST
OPTION refers to the various options that can be used with the
SOURCE refers to the file or directory you want to copy, and
DEST refers to the destination directory where you want to copy the files.
Copying a Folder in Linux
To copy a folder in Linux, you need to use the
cp command with the
-r option. The
-r option is used to copy directories recursively, which means that all the files and subdirectories within the folder will also be copied. Here is an example of how to copy a folder in Linux:
cp -r /path/to/source/folder /path/to/destination/folder
In the above example, replace
/path/to/source/folder with the path to the folder you want to copy and
/path/to/destination/folder with the path to the destination folder where you want to copy the files.
For example, if you want to copy a folder named
myfolder located in the home directory to a folder named
backup located in the same directory, the command would look like this:
cp -r ~/myfolder ~/backup
cp command has several other options that can be used to modify its behavior. Here are some of the most commonly used options:
-v: This option enables verbose mode, which displays the name of each file as it is copied.
-i: This option prompts you before overwriting existing files.
-u: This option only copies files that are newer than the corresponding files in the destination directory.
-p: This option preserves the original file attributes (e.g., permissions, ownership, timestamps) when copying the files.
Copying a folder in Linux is a simple task that can be accomplished using the
cp command with the
-r option. This command allows you to copy files and directories recursively, which makes it a powerful tool for managing files on your Linux system. By understanding the
cp command and its options, you can easily copy files and folders in Linux and manipulate them as needed.