How to: Change Background Color with JavaScript

How to: Change Background Color with JavaScript

First, let’s start with the basics. JavaScript is a programming language that is primarily used to add interactivity to websites. It’s a popular language that can be used to add animations, handle user input, and manipulate web page content, including the background color.

Changing the background color of a web page with JavaScript is relatively simple. You can do it using a few lines of code. Here’s how:

Step 1: Create an HTML file

First, create an HTML file that you want to add a background color to. You can do this using a simple text editor like Notepad or any other code editor.

Step 2: Add a CSS file

Add a CSS file to the HTML file you created. You can do this by adding the following code to the head section of your HTML file:

  <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles.css">

Step 3: Create a function to change the background color

Create a function in your JavaScript file that will change the background color of your web page. Here’s an example:

function changeBackgroundColor(color) { = color;

This function takes one parameter, which is the color you want to set the background to. You can use any valid CSS color value, such as “red”, “#000000”, or “rgb(255, 255, 255)”.

Step 4: Call the function

Call the function you created in step 3 to change the background color of your web page. Here’s an example:

<button onclick="changeBackgroundColor('red')">Change to red</button>

This code creates a button that, when clicked, calls the changeBackgroundColor() function with the parameter “red”. You can change the parameter to any color you want.

That’s it! You’ve successfully changed the background color of your web page using JavaScript. Of course, there are many other ways you can do this, but this is one of the simplest and most straightforward methods.

Here are a few more advanced methods:

Method 1: Using event listeners

Instead of using inline event handlers, you can use event listeners to change the background color. This method allows you to separate the JavaScript code from the HTML, making your code cleaner and easier to maintain. Here’s an example:

<button id="red-button">Change to red</button>

// JavaScript
document.getElementById("red-button").addEventListener("click", function() { = "red";

This code creates a button with the ID “red-button” and adds a click event listener to it. When the button is clicked, the event listener function is called, which changes the background color to red.

Method 2: Using CSS classes

Another way to change the background color is by adding and removing CSS classes using JavaScript. This method is useful if you have multiple styles you want to apply to the background, and you want to keep your code organized. Here’s an example:

// CSS
.red-background {
  background-color: red;

// JavaScript
function addRedBackground() {

function removeRedBackground() {

This code creates two functions, addRedBackground() and removeRedBackground(), which add and remove the “red-background” class from the body element. The CSS class sets the background color to red.

Method 3: Using gradients or images

You can also change the background color by using gradients or images. This method allows you to create more complex and dynamic backgrounds. Here’s an example:

// CSS
body {
  background: linear-gradient(to bottom, #ffffff, #000000);

// JavaScript
function changeBackgroundGradient(color1, color2) { = "linear-gradient(to bottom, " + color1 + ", " + color2 + ")";

function changeBackgroundImage(imageUrl) { = "url('" + imageUrl + "')";

This code creates two functions, changeBackgroundGradient() and changeBackgroundImage(), which set the background to a linear gradient or an image, respectively. You can pass in the colors or image URL as parameters to the functions.

I hope this tutorial has been helpful. If you have any questions, feel free to ask!