Tar is a commonly used file format in Linux that is used to archive multiple files into a single file. It is often used for backup purposes or to transfer files between different systems. In some cases, you may need to extract the contents of a tar file to a specific directory or path. In this article, we will discuss how to extract tar to a specific path in Linux.
Before we dive into the process of extracting tar to a specific path, let’s first understand what tar is and how it works.
Tar is a file archiving utility that is used to create and manipulate archive files. It is short for “tape archive” because it was originally used to write data to magnetic tape drives. A tar file can contain multiple files and directories, and it is often compressed using another utility like gzip or bzip2 to reduce its size.
In Linux, tar is a command-line utility that can be used to create and extract tar files. The basic syntax for creating a tar file is as follows:
tar -cvf archive.tar file1 file2 directory1
This command will create a tar file called “archive.tar” that contains “file1”, “file2”, and “directory1”. The “-c” option tells tar to create a new archive, the “-v” option tells it to be verbose and show the files being added to the archive, and the “-f” option specifies the name of the archive file.
To extract the contents of a tar file, you can use the following command:
tar -xvf archive.tar
This command will extract the contents of “archive.tar” to the current directory.
Extracting Tar to a Specific Path
To extract tar to a specific path in Linux, you can use the “-C” option with the tar command. The “-C” option tells tar to change to the specified directory before extracting the files. Here’s the basic syntax:
tar -xvf archive.tar -C /path/to/directory
This command will extract the contents of “archive.tar” to the directory specified by “/path/to/directory”. Note that the “-C” option must come immediately before the directory path.
For example, if you have a tar file called “myfiles.tar” and you want to extract its contents to “/home/user/documents”, you can use the following command:
tar -xvf myfiles.tar -C /home/user/documents
This will extract the contents of “myfiles.tar” to the “/home/user/documents” directory.
In this article, we discussed how to extract tar to a specific path in Linux. We first explained what tar is and how it works, and then we showed how to use the “-C” option with the tar command to extract the contents of a tar file to a specific directory. By following the steps outlined in this article, you should now be able to extract tar files to any directory of your choice.