Best Web Browsers Not Based on Chromium Best Web Browsers Not Based on Chromium

The 11 Best Web Browsers Not Based on Chromium

Chrome has its issues, particularly around the topic of privacy.

Tired of the omnipresent buzz of Chromium-based browsers? The ones that appear to be a little too intimate with your data? If you’re contemplating a change, there’s good news. We’re about to dive into the less-charted waters of non-Chromium browsers.

So, what compels someone to deviate from the tried and true? It’s more than just a contrarian stance or a desire to diverge from popular choices. Non-Chromium browsers come with an array of benefits. Enhanced privacy is a standout, as these alternatives don’t see you as an open buffet for data-driven ads. But it extends beyond privacy. A slew of unique features and diverse rendering engines await your discovery.

Whether you’re a developer seeking varied platforms for compatibility testing, a user uneasy with Google’s sprawling web influence, or just someone, like me, keen to explore beyond Chromium’s borders, these alternative browsers offer a welcome respite.

Mozilla Firefox

Firefox for Desktop
Open-source browser with strong privacy features and customization options

Mozilla Firefox stands out as an open-source browser that prioritizes privacy and customization. As a top choice among browsers not based on Chromium, it has gained a loyal following thanks to its strong focus on user control and security.

One of Firefox’s key strengths is its commitment to privacy. The browser offers various built-in features, such as Enhanced Tracking Protection, which blocks third-party trackers by default. Additionally, Firefox provides options for managing cookies and preventing websites from fingerprinting your device. These features make it an excellent choice if you’re concerned about maintaining your online privacy.

Another notable aspect of Firefox is its extensive customization options. You can personalize the browser’s appearance using themes, rearrange the interface elements to suit your preferences, and even modify the behavior of certain features through the about:config settings page. This flexibility allows you to create a browsing experience tailored specifically to your needs.

Firefox also supports a wide range of add-ons and extensions that can further enhance your browsing experience. From ad blockers and password managers to productivity tools and accessibility enhancements, there’s likely an add-on available for whatever functionality you desire.

Moreover, being an open-source project means that Firefox benefits from continuous development and improvement by a global community of contributors. This collaborative approach ensures that the browser remains up-to-date with the latest web technologies while also addressing any potential security vulnerabilities promptly.


A custom version of Firefox, focused on privacy, security and freedom.

LibreWolf is a product of the open-source community, crafted with an unwavering focus on privacy and user freedom. Based on Firefox, it adapts the robustness of its architecture and goes a step further to address privacy concerns that mainstream browsers often overlook.

One of LibreWolf’s main attractions is its staunch commitment to user privacy. It ships with a no-telemetry policy out-of-the-box, ensuring that your browsing habits stay your business. This places it a cut above many counterparts, including Firefox, which requires users to manually opt-out of telemetry and data collection.

LibreWolf also enhances security with a robust suite of protective features. This includes integrated uBlock Origin for ad-blocking, improved fingerprinting protection, and strict security settings to ward off potential online threats. These functionalities make it a safe haven for users valuing their online privacy.

Nevertheless, LibreWolf isn’t all just about privacy and security. It also takes into account the need for customization, offering a range of options for users to tweak the browser to their liking. However, the absence of certain features like Sync and Pocket might leave some users wanting more.

Mullvad Browser

Mullvad Browser
A privacy-focused web browser developed in a collaboration between Mullvad VPN and the Tor Project

The Mullvad Browser is a brainchild of Mullvad VPN and the Tor Project. It’s like the Tor Browser but doesn’t use the Tor network. Instead, it’s meant for use with a quality VPN, aiming to provide a shield against the data harvesters of the web.

This browser takes user anonymity seriously. It implements robust anti-fingerprinting mechanisms, even outdoing Firefox+Arkenfox and Brave in certain aspects. Paired with a VPN, the Mullvad Browser makes you blend into a crowd of users, rendering advanced tracking scripts useless.

Moreover, it comes pre-packed with the uBlock Origin and NoScript extensions, enhancing its built-in privacy features. The browser operates in a constant private browsing mode, deleting history, cookies, and site data after each session. However, this does mean missing out on a few Firefox features, like Multi-Account Containers.

While Mullvad Leta, a preinstalled search engine, is a nifty addition, its usage could potentially link search queries and Mullvad VPN accounts, presenting a minor privacy concern. But overall, the Mullvad Browser emerges as a solid option for those seeking a more secure and private browsing experience without the hassle of complex setups.


Apple’s default browser for macOS and iOS, known for its speed and user-friendly interface

Safari, developed by Apple, is the default browser for both macOS and iOS devices. It has gained popularity due to its remarkable speed and user-friendly interface. As a non-Chromium based browser, it stands out from the crowd and offers several unique features that cater to users who value performance, privacy, and ease of use.

Firstly, Safari is known for its impressive speed. It utilizes WebKit as its rendering engine, which allows for fast loading times and smooth scrolling. This makes browsing on Safari an enjoyable experience, especially on Apple devices where it is optimized for energy efficiency.

In terms of user-friendliness, Safari boasts a clean and intuitive interface that is easy to navigate. The browser offers features like tabbed browsing, a smart search field, and a reading list that enables users to save articles for later consumption. Additionally, the seamless integration with other Apple services such as iCloud Tabs and Handoff enhances the overall browsing experience across multiple devices.

Privacy is another strong suit of Safari. With Intelligent Tracking Prevention (ITP), the browser actively blocks cross-site tracking by advertisers or other third-party entities. This ensures that your browsing habits remain private without compromising website functionality. Furthermore, Safari enforces strong encryption standards for secure connections to protect your data from potential eavesdroppers.

Safari also supports various extensions that can enhance your browsing experience even further. However, it’s worth noting that the selection of extensions may be more limited compared to other browsers like Firefox or Chrome.

GNOME Web (Epiphany)

A lightweight browser for Linux users that focuses on simplicity and minimalism

GNOME Web, also known as Epiphany, is a lightweight web browser designed specifically for Linux users. Its primary focus is on simplicity and minimalism, which makes it an excellent choice if you’re looking for a no-frills browsing experience without unnecessary features or clutter.

One of the main advantages of GNOME Web is its seamless integration with the GNOME desktop environment. This means that if you’re already using GNOME as your desktop interface, Epiphany will feel right at home with its consistent design and user experience. Moreover, it adheres to the same privacy and security standards as other GNOME applications, ensuring a safe browsing experience.

As a lightweight browser, Epiphany consumes fewer system resources compared to more feature-rich alternatives. This makes it an ideal choice for older hardware or systems with limited resources. Furthermore, its minimalistic design eliminates distractions and allows you to focus on the content you’re viewing.

Despite its simplicity, GNOME Web doesn’t compromise on essential features. It supports modern web standards like HTML5 and CSS3, ensuring compatibility with most websites. Additionally, it includes built-in support for popular web technologies such as WebRTC and WebGL, enabling rich multimedia experiences without requiring additional plugins or extensions.

Epiphany also offers some handy features like intelligent bookmarks management and a built-in ad blocker that helps improve page load times by blocking unwanted ads and trackers. Furthermore, it comes with a reader mode that simplifies web pages by removing unnecessary elements like ads and sidebars for a more comfortable reading experience.

Pale Moon

Pale Moon
An open-source fork of Firefox with a focus on customization, efficiency, and maintaining legacy add-on support

Pale Moon is an intriguing alternative for users who are looking for a browser that offers customization, efficiency, and support for legacy add-ons. As an open-source fork of Firefox, it shares many of its features and functionalities but diverges in some key areas to provide a unique browsing experience.

Firstly, let’s talk about customization. Pale Moon offers a wide range of options for users to tailor the browser to their preferences. You can modify the user interface through themes and skins, as well as tweak various settings to enhance your browsing experience. This high level of customization allows you to create a browser that truly feels like your own.

Efficiency is another area where Pale Moon shines. The developers have made conscious efforts to optimize the browser’s performance by removing unnecessary components and streamlining the codebase. This results in faster page loading times and reduced resource consumption compared to other browsers.

One of the standout features of Pale Moon is its commitment to maintaining support for legacy add-ons. Over time, many popular browsers have moved away from supporting older add-on formats, leaving users with limited options for extending their browser’s functionality. However, Pale Moon continues to support these legacy add-ons alongside newer formats, ensuring that you can still use your favorite extensions without any issues.


A high-performance fork of Firefox with a focus on privacy and user control over data collection

Waterfox, as the name suggests, is a high-performance fork of the popular Mozilla Firefox browser. Its main focus is to provide users with enhanced privacy and control over their data collection. By offering such features, Waterfox stands out as a reliable alternative to Chromium-based browsers.

One of the key aspects of Waterfox is its commitment to user privacy. It achieves this by removing telemetry and tracking components found in Firefox, ensuring that your browsing habits remain private. Additionally, Waterfox does not collect any personal information or usage data by default.

Another advantage of using Waterfox is its compatibility with older Firefox extensions. This means you can still use your favorite add-ons that may no longer be supported by newer versions of Firefox. This feature makes Waterfox an attractive option for users who value customization and functionality.

In terms of performance, Waterfox has been optimized for faster browsing speeds compared to its parent browser. By removing unnecessary components and focusing on efficient resource usage, it provides a smoother browsing experience even on less powerful devices.

Furthermore, Waterfox offers frequent updates and improvements to maintain compatibility with modern web technologies while also addressing security vulnerabilities promptly. This ensures that you can browse the internet safely without worrying about potential threats or outdated technology.


An all-in-one internet suite that includes a web browser, email client, IRC chat, and more

SeaMonkey is an all-inclusive internet suite that offers a comprehensive set of features to cater to your diverse online needs. As you explore this versatile platform, you’ll find that it not only includes a web browser but also an email client, IRC chat, and more.

Diving into its core components, the SeaMonkey web browser is built on the same foundation as Mozilla Firefox. This means that you can expect a similar level of performance and security while browsing the internet. Moreover, it supports a wide range of add-ons and extensions to enhance your browsing experience further.

Another key aspect of SeaMonkey is its integrated email client. This feature allows you to manage your emails efficiently without having to switch between different applications or tabs. Additionally, it offers advanced spam filtering and supports multiple email accounts, making it perfect for users seeking an all-in-one solution for their communication needs.

For those who enjoy real-time conversations with friends or colleagues online, SeaMonkey’s built-in IRC chat (called ChatZilla) provides a convenient way to connect with others via Internet Relay Chat networks. With this feature at your fingertips, staying connected becomes even more seamless.

Besides these primary components, SeaMonkey also includes an HTML editor called Composer that enables users to create and edit web pages easily. This tool is particularly useful for those who dabble in web development or need a simple way to maintain their personal website.


Midori Browser for Desktop
A lightweight browser focused on speed and minimal resource usage, perfect for older hardware or low-powered devices

Midori is a lightweight web browser that prioritizes speed and minimal resource usage, making it an ideal choice for older hardware or low-powered devices. Its design philosophy centers around delivering a fast and efficient browsing experience without sacrificing essential features.

One of the key aspects of Midori is its lightweight nature. It achieves this by utilizing the WebKit rendering engine, which is known for its speed and efficiency. This results in faster page loading times and less strain on system resources, which can be especially beneficial if you’re using an older computer or a device with limited processing power.

In addition to its performance benefits, Midori boasts a clean and user-friendly interface that’s easy to navigate. The browser includes essential features such as tabbed browsing, bookmarks, and history management, ensuring that you have all the necessary tools for a smooth browsing experience.

Privacy-conscious users will appreciate Midori’s built-in privacy settings. The browser offers options like private browsing mode and third-party cookie blocking to help protect your personal information while you surf the web. Additionally, Midori supports various extensions that can further enhance your online privacy.

Another advantage of Midori is its cross-platform availability. The browser is compatible with multiple operating systems including Windows, macOS, Linux, and even some mobile platforms like Android. This versatility makes it easy to enjoy the benefits of Midori across different devices.


A customizable browser for Windows users that offers a high level of user control over interface elements and settings

Are you a Windows user seeking a highly customizable browser that puts you in control of your browsing experience? K-Meleon might be the perfect choice for you. This browser stands out in the crowd of non-Chromium based browsers for its high level of user control over interface elements and settings.

One of the main selling points of K-Meleon is its customization options. You can tailor the browser’s appearance and functionality to suit your preferences. For instance, you can modify toolbars, menus, and keyboard shortcuts to create a personalized browsing experience. Additionally, K-Meleon supports a wide range of plugins and extensions that allow you to enhance the browser’s capabilities even further.

Another advantage of K-Meleon is its lightweight nature. It consumes fewer system resources compared to other browsers, making it an excellent choice if you’re using an older computer or have limited hardware capabilities. Despite being lightweight, it doesn’t compromise on performance – it’s known for its fast page-loading times and smooth navigation.

Privacy-conscious users will appreciate K-Meleon’s built-in features designed to protect your data. The browser offers granular control over cookies, images, JavaScript, and other web elements that could potentially compromise your privacy. Moreover, it has a built-in pop-up blocker to keep those annoying ads at bay.

In terms of compatibility, K-Meleon uses the Gecko rendering engine (the same engine used by Mozilla Firefox) which ensures that most websites are displayed correctly without any issues. However, keep in mind that since K-Meleon is exclusively designed for Windows users, it may not be suitable if you’re using macOS or Linux.

Otter Browser

Otter Browser
A project aimed at recreating the best aspects of the classic Opera web browser with modern web technologies

Otter Browser is a unique project that aims to bring back the best features of the classic Opera web browser while utilizing modern web technologies. If you’re a fan of Opera’s earlier versions, you’ll appreciate Otter Browser’s efforts to recreate the familiar experience with updated capabilities.

One of the key aspects of Otter Browser is its focus on customization. You can tailor the interface according to your preferences, thanks to its modular design. This allows you to create a browsing experience that suits your needs and style.

In terms of functionality, Otter Browser supports many essential features that were popular in classic Opera, such as mouse gestures and keyboard shortcuts. These options enable you to navigate the web more efficiently and make browsing a more enjoyable experience.

Privacy is another area where Otter Browser shines. It offers various settings to help protect your online privacy, including options for managing cookies and blocking third-party content. Additionally, it has built-in support for content blocking lists like EasyList and EasyPrivacy, so you can have more control over what gets loaded on the websites you visit.

Under the hood, Otter Browser uses QtWebEngine as its rendering engine. This choice ensures compatibility with modern web standards and provides good performance even on lower-end hardware. Moreover, since it’s not based on Chromium, it offers an alternative browsing experience without relying on Google’s technology.


In sum, stepping away from Chromium-based browsers isn’t merely an act of digital defiance; it’s a calculated decision with concrete benefits. From stronger privacy protocols to a range of features you never knew you needed, the landscape of non-Chromium browsers is rich and rewarding.

If you’re a developer, a privacy advocate, or someone merely keen on uncharted territories, the path less traveled in the browser world could lead you to an experience more attuned to your needs. So why not take the plunge? After all, in a realm as expansive as the internet, it only makes sense to expand our horizons.