May 20, 2023

In computer programming, a statement is a sequence of instructions that performs a specific task. These instructions are written in a particular programming language and are executed by a computer to produce the desired output. A statement is one of the fundamental building blocks of any program and is used to control the flow of execution in a program.


The purpose of a statement is to create a set of instructions that can be executed by a computer. These instructions are used to perform a specific task such as data manipulation, input/output operations, or control flow operations. In addition, statements can be combined to create more complex programs that can perform more sophisticated tasks.


Statements are used in virtually every programming language to create programs. These statements can be combined in various ways to create different types of programs. For example, a simple program might use a sequence of statements to perform a calculation, while a more complex program might use conditional statements to control the flow of execution based on certain conditions.

Types of Statements

There are several types of statements that are commonly used in programming languages. These include:

Assignment Statements

An assignment statement is used to assign a value to a variable. This type of statement is used to store data in memory so that it can be used later in the program. The syntax for an assignment statement typically involves a variable name, followed by an equals sign (=), followed by a value or an expression that evaluates to a value.

variable_name = value

Control Flow Statements

Control flow statements are used to control the flow of execution in a program. These statements allow a program to make decisions based on certain conditions or to repeat a set of instructions multiple times. There are several types of control flow statements, including:

Conditional Statements

Conditional statements are used to execute certain blocks of code based on certain conditions. These statements typically use a boolean expression to determine whether a certain block of code should be executed or not.

if boolean_expression:
    # execute this code if the boolean expression is True
    # execute this code if the boolean expression is False

Loops are used to repeat a set of instructions multiple times. There are two types of loops: for loops and while loops. For loops are used to iterate over a sequence of values, while loops are used to repeat a set of instructions as long as a certain condition is true.

# for loop example
for i in range(10):
    # execute this code 10 times

# while loop example
while boolean_expression:
    # execute this code as long as the boolean expression is True

Input/Output Statements

Input/Output statements are used to read data from the user or to write data to a file or other output device. These statements typically involve functions that are specific to the programming language or operating system being used.

# input statement example
name = input("What is your name? ")
print("Hello, " + name)

# output statement example
file = open("output.txt", "w")
file.write("Hello, world!")