xz is a command-line tool that is used to compress and decompress files. It is designed to be used on the POSIX platform, which includes operating systems such as Linux, Unix, and macOS.
xz is known for its high compression ratio and is often used to compress large files to save disk space and reduce transfer times.
xz command can be used in two ways: to compress a file and to decompress a file. To compress a file, you can use the following command:
xz [options] file
For example, to compress a file named
example.txt, you can use the following command:
This will create a compressed file named
example.txt.xz. To decompress a file, you can use the following command:
xz -d [options] file.xz
For example, to decompress a file named
example.txt.xz, you can use the following command:
xz -d example.txt.xz
This will create a decompressed file named
The following table lists the available options for the
||Compress the specified file. This is the default behavior.|
||Decompress the specified file.|
||Keep the original file when compressing or decompressing. By default, the original file is deleted after compression or decompression.|
||Force compression or decompression, even if the output file already exists.|
||Test the integrity of the compressed file.|
||Write the compressed or decompressed data to standard output instead of a file.|
||Set the compression level.
||Suppress all warnings and messages.|
||Display verbose output.|
Here are some troubleshooting tips for common issues with the
- If you receive an error message that says “xz: (stdin): File format not recognized”, it means that you are trying to decompress a file that is not in the correct format. Make sure that you are decompressing a file that was compressed with
- If you receive an error message that says “xz: (stdin): Compressed data is corrupt”, it means that the compressed file is corrupted and cannot be decompressed. Try downloading the file again or using a different compression tool.
- If you receive an error message that says “xz: (stdin): File too large”, it means that the file you are trying to compress is too large for
xzto handle. Try splitting the file into smaller parts and compressing each part separately.
xzuses the LZMA compression algorithm, which is a powerful compression algorithm that can achieve high compression ratios. However, it is also a slow algorithm, so compressing and decompressing large files can take a long time.
xzis often used in conjunction with the
tarcommand to create compressed archives. For example, you can use the following command to create a compressed archive of all the files in a directory:
tar -cf - directory/ | xz > archive.tar.xz